Evolution (Updated)


The Composite Theory of Evolution

"Evolution", "Evolutionary Science" or "Evolutionary Theory" as opposed to Young Earth Creationism

Keywords

breeding, evolution, heredity, life, genetic recombination, genomic mutation, natural selection, neutral theory, new species, radiometric dating, sexual selection, survival of the fittest

Introduction

Evolution, "Biological Evolution" [8], "Genetic Evolution" [8] or "Organic Evolution" [8], is the change in the inherited traits of a population of organisms through successive generations. [8|9]

Foundational

THE BELIEF THAT THE EARTH ARE BILLIONS OF YEARS OLD

Evolutionists believe, that the Earth is billion of years old [17], allowing ample time for evolutionary mechanisms [or processes], like Natural Selection, Genetic Drift, Genetic Recombination and/or Genomic Mutation, to effect "Speciation ... by which new biological species arise" [20]].

THE BELIEF IN THE SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST AS A RESULT OF NATURAL SELECTION
known as "Natural Selection"

"Natural Selection constitutes a natural process of evolutionary change; that results in the survival (of the fittest) and reproductive success (sexual selection) of individuals or groups; best adjusted to their environment; leading to the perpetuation of their genetic qualities and traits; culminating in speciation" [18]

THE BELIEF IN GENOMIC CHANGES THROUGH MUTATION
known as "Genomic Mutation" [11]

Evolutionists believe, that "evolution can create new species" [6|7], being "responsible for the abundance of life" [6]; due to "changes in a genomic sequence" [11]; resulting from "radiation" [11], "virusses" [11], "transposons" [11] and "mutagenic chemicals" [11] and "errors that occur during meiosis or DNA replication" [11]; that ultimately result in "genetic changes" [8]; that are "heritable" [8] through "reproduction" [8].

THE BELIEF THAT GENETIC CHANGES THROUGH RECOMBINATION
known as "Genetic Recombination" [8|10]

Evolutionists believe, that "evolution can create new species" [6|7], being "responsible for the abundance of life" [6]; resulting from "crossover process" [10] by which "a molecule of nucleic acid (usually DNA, but can also be RNA) is broken and then joined to a different one" [10]; that ultimately result in "offspring's having different combinations of genes from those of their parents" [10]; that are "heritable" [8] through "reproduction" [8].

THE BELIEF IN MOLECULAR CHANGE THROUGH RANDOM GENETIC DRIFT
known as "Neutral Theory" [8|14]

Evolutionists believe, that "evolution can create new species" [6|7], being "responsible for the abundance of life" [6]; resulting from the "random [genetic] drift of selectively neutral mutants" [14|16].

Gallery



Videos

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Bibliography

1. Charles Darwin (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; 9 September 2010)
2. On the Origin of Species (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; 9 September 2010)
3. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; 9 September 2010)
4. Human evolution (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; 9 September 2010)
5. VIDEO: Evolution (YouTube; 9 September 2010)
6. VIDEO: 7 -- The Theory of Evolution Made Easy (YouTube; 9 September 2010)
7. The evidence for evolution - Can the formation of a new species be observed? (Blackwell Publishing; 9 September 2010)
8. Evolution (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
9. Douglas J. Futuyma. Evolution (Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc.; 2005) ISBN 0-87893-187-2.
10. Genetic Recombination (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
11. Mutation (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
12. Natural Selection (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
13. Survival of the fittest (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
14. Neutral theory of molecular evolution (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; 9 September 2010)
15. Non-Darwinian Evolution (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
16. Genetic drift (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
17. Age of the Earth (Wikipedia; 9 September 2010)
18. EJ Hill. Defining Natural Selection (Hillside; 20 February 2013) ✔
19. VIDEO: Cale Rogers. Evolution (YouTube; 15 March 2009)
20. Speciation (Wikipedia; 20 February 2013)

For more information on Evolutionary Science, please visit the Evolutionary Archives at New Scientist and PBS.

Revisions

09.09.2010 / 29.09.2010 / 20-22.02.2013

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